Marijuana was traditionally produced outdoors from low-quality, densely seeded buds. The extended blooming times of Sativa strains imported from places like Mexico and Thailand made it difficult for growers in climates where the plants could be harvested before October.
Cannabis genetics and equipment transformed American Cannabis agriculture. Autoflowering, feminized, and dual-feminized seeds were developed. New strains with DNA from different nations were formerly unthinkable. Haze and Blueberry were the only strains early cannabis breeders created. In those days, farmers couldn’t imagine hundreds of intriguing breeds becoming legal.
Cannabis ruderalis, a species new to many cannabis fans, is needed to create autoflowering strains. Cannabis strains are classified as Sativa, Indica, or Hybrid.
Whether a variety is Cannabis Sativa, Indica, or even a mix of these 2 well-known species determines its categorization. Due to its low THC level, Cannabis ruderalis was overlooked for commercial usage for years. C. ruderalis is native to colder regions than indica and sativa, thus it’s a quite distinct plant from those two types. This harsher environment also makes C. ruderalis distinctive and economically viable.
To live, C. ruderalis reproduced automatically. These plants may not survive until the photoperiod shifts and the days become shorter, at which point the temperature drops too low for them to continue to flourish and generate seeds.
Ruderalis strains’ low THC contents hampered them. Cannabis consumers—including growers—want higher THC levels, but ruderalis doesn’t. Autoflowering and powerful cultivars need effort. Selective breeding and vigilance produced strong autoflowering strains, however, they are generally weaker than ordinary strains.
From then, feminizing autoflowering strains was easy. Growers may now buy autoflowering seeds.
Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds
Both regular and feminized cannabis seeds rely on the light cycle to enter the flowering stage, when the psychoactive cannabinoid delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is concentrated.
- Autoflowering strains vary greatly from photoperiod plants.
- These strains develop in two months or less, saving growers weeks of time.
- They are genetically engineered to blossom independent of photoperiod, even if light cycles may be controlled.
Autoflowering cultivars are good alternatives for certain gardeners, but not all. Commercial growers may not want them, but home growers may. Clones provide product uniformity in the commercial cannabis market, however, autoflowering strains cannot be cloned. Dispensary cannabis is cloned from a mother plant.
The mainlining method of maintaining an autoflowering parent plant in a constant 18 hours of light every day is impractical since autoflowering strains bud regardless of their photoperiods. It has this drawback, but it also has advantages.
Let’s compare autoflowering strains’ strengths and downsides to normal cannabis plants.
- Autoflowering strains start flowering at an earlier size and age than most people put their ordinary cannabis plants through into the blooming cycle, allowing a nice harvest at 10 weeks.
- Compact Plant Structure
Autoflowering strains are lower and bushier than photoperiod-dependent plants. Autoflowering plants don’t need staking or training.
Growers who wish to produce cannabis quietly might choose autoflowering strains since they’re smaller. They may be cultivated in tiny areas and hidden in balconies, closets, and other places because of their size.
- No Lighting Limits
Autoflowering strains don’t need photoperiod, therefore growers may increase illumination. Lighting pollution doesn’t impact the plant either. Light pollution impairs photoperiod plant growth, potency, and yields.
Autoflowering cannabis plants with ruderalis genetics are more tolerant to adverse conditions. They withstand cooler temperatures better than tropical strains.
- Great for Beginners
Every marijuana grower makes blunders on their first grow. Autoflowering strains are suitable for novices since they are forgiving and don’t need a precise photoperiod.
- Grow Cabinets and Tents.
Autoflowering strains are ideal for growing cabinets since they develop rapidly and don’t grow tall. Autoflowering strains’ harvest height is ideal for growing cabinets.
- Year-round harvesting
For indoor producers looking to optimize productivity, autoflowering strains, as discussed here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autoflowering_cannabis, may be harvested year-round.
Autoflowering strains are perfect for indoor gardening since they grow compactly and don’t need a light schedule. They’re suitable for indoor gardeners with little room.
Autoflowering plants thrive in outdoor situations and need less care than conventional cultivars.
- Reduced Resources
Due to its shorter blooming period, autoflowering cultivars use less energy indoors. They utilize less water and fertilizers, saving time and money.
When choosing a strain, consider potency, taste, yield, and growth. You can view high-yield seeds prior to purchasing with many vendors. What’s your desired potency? Choose a high-THC strain for a powerful high.
However, high-CBD autoflowering cultivars should be grown if a more moderate or THC-free experience is desired. Choose a strain with a distinct flavor if you have a preference. Terpenes, the plant’s aromatic oils, vary with strain. The strain’s yield determines how many buds you’ll grow. Choose a high-yielding strain.
Some strains love warm, humid settings. Pest-prone strains need a climate-controlled environment. In terms of height, autoflowering cannabis strains tend to be shorter than their photoperiod-grown counterparts, however, this is not always the case. Lighting and container size impact plant height.
Autoflowering strains thrive best with enough light. Provide 18+ hours of light daily. Grow rooms should be 68-77°F and 20-40% humid. Water autoflowering cannabis strains frequently. Overwatering causes root rot. Pruning and training autoflowering plants may enhance their form and structure, increasing production and quality. Check your plants for pests and diseases and respond quickly to avoid harm.